Lachit Borphukan Essay in English [2023]

Lachit Borphukan Essay in English

Lachit Borphukan, a legendary figure in Assamese history, was a brave warrior and military commander who played a pivotal role in the defense of the Ahom Kingdom against the Mughal Empire during the 17th century. His leadership, courage, and strategic brilliance continue to inspire generations in Assam, making him a revered national hero.

Early Life and Background

Lachit Borphukan was born in 1622 in Guwahati, Assam, into a noble Ahom family. He grew up in an environment deeply rooted in the martial traditions of the Ahom Kingdom. From a young age, Lachit received rigorous training in warfare, horsemanship, archery, and various other martial arts, preparing him for the challenges that lay ahead.

The Ahom Kingdom and its Challenges

During the 17th century, the Ahom Kingdom faced numerous threats from external forces, particularly the Mughal Empire. The Mughals sought to expand their influence into the Northeastern region of India and posed a significant challenge to the sovereignty of the Ahom Kingdom.

Rise to Prominence

Lachit Borphukan’s talents did not go unnoticed. His exceptional military skills and leadership qualities quickly gained recognition within the Ahom Kingdom. He rose through the ranks and eventually became the military commander of the Ahom forces.

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Leadership and Military Tactics

Lachit Borphukan was known for his astute leadership and innovative military tactics. He emphasized discipline, training, and strategic planning to strengthen the Ahom forces. Lachit’s ability to inspire his soldiers and instill a sense of unwavering loyalty played a crucial role in their successes on the battlefield.

The Battle of Saraighat

One of the most significant events in Lachit Borphukan’s life was the Battle of Saraighat in 1671. The Mughal general, Ram Singh, led a massive army and a formidable fleet to capture the Ahom capital, Guwahati. Lachit Borphukan, with his limited resources, led a determined defense against the Mughal forces.

Legacy and Recognition

Despite facing overwhelming odds, Lachit Borphukan’s leadership and tactical brilliance resulted in a resounding victory for the Ahom Kingdom. His heroic exploits in the Battle of Saraighat became the stuff of legends. Lachit’s legacy continues to inspire not only the people of Assam but also serves as a symbol of resistance and national pride for all of India.

Impact on Assamese Culture

Lachit Borphukan’s courage and dedication to his homeland have left an indelible mark on Assamese culture. He is revered as a symbol of bravery and patriotism. Lachit’s story is celebrated through various cultural events, dramas, and songs, keeping his memory alive in the hearts and minds of the Assamese people.

Lachit Borphukan’s Courage and Heroism

Lachit Borphukan’s courage and heroism were unmatched. His unwavering determination, even in the face of adversity, made him a legendary figure. His leadership and sacrifice continue to inspire individuals to stand up against injustice and fight for what they believe in.

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Remembering Lachit Borphukan

Every year on November 24th, Assam celebrates Lachit Divas to commemorate the bravery and valor of Lachit Borphukan. The day serves as a reminder of the rich heritage and the spirit of resistance ingrained in the people of Assam.


Lachit Borphukan, the heroic commander of the Ahom Kingdom, exemplified bravery, leadership, and patriotism. His contributions to the defense of Assam against the Mughals have made him an iconic figure in Indian history. Lachit Borphukan’s legacy lives on, inspiring generations to uphold the values of courage and determination.


What was Lachit Borphukan’s most significant achievement?

Lachit Borphukan’s most significant achievement was leading the Ahom forces to victory in the Battle of Saraighat against the Mughal Empire.

How is Lachit Borphukan remembered in Assam?

Lachit Borphukan is remembered in Assam through cultural events, celebrations on Lachit Divas, and the preservation of his heroic story in the form of songs and dramas.

What was Lachit Borphukan’s leadership style?

Lachit Borphukan’s leadership style emphasized discipline, strategic planning, and inspiring his soldiers to fight with unwavering loyalty.

How did Lachit Borphukan impact Assamese culture?

Lachit Borphukan’s courage and dedication to his homeland have had a profound impact on Assamese culture, with his story becoming a symbol of bravery and patriotism.

What is the significance of the Battle of Saraighat?

The Battle of Saraighat was a pivotal moment in Indian history, as Lachit Borphukan’s defense against the Mughal forces ensured the preservation of the Ahom Kingdom’s sovereignty.

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